What is Sin?

whati s sin

What is sin? Seems like a crazy question right? I mean, all the people who follow the Messiah Yeshua/Jesus should have no problem answering this question, but unfortunately, this is not the case. I asked seven Pastors this question and I got several different answers. Some said it was “missing the mark”, so I asked, ”what does missing the mark mean?”. They could not answer that simple question. Some said it is doing what is displeasing to Elohim/God. So I asked, “How can I know what is displeasing to God?”. This one both Pastors replied the same. They said, “The Holy Spirit will lead you and tell you what is pleasing and what is not pleasing to God”. So I asked, “How can I be sure that it is the Holy Spirit giving me revelation or if it is a seducing spirit that is whispering to me”? Neither could answer this question. When I asked other Pastors what sin was, I did not expect the answer I was given. One actually said that sin was transgressing the commandments and customs that have been passed down by the “church fathers”. I then asked, “Isn’t that the same a rejecting the commandments of God in order to observe your own traditions and commandments?” The Pastor replied, “It is through Apostolic succession and the power that was given to the Church that we can change the commandments as laid down by the old covenant”. I then asked, “ Isn’t that the same thing the Rabbis said to the Messiah?”  I was shocked to find that not one gave me the Biblical definition of sin, so at this time we will go deep into the Word and find out what YHVH/God says sin is.  We will discuss the three types of sin, and which ones are forgivable, and which ones are not. We will discuss which sins are covered by the Messiah’s blood and which ones are not.  We will find out which sins result in death, and what sins are not sins that cause the death penalty. Once we are done examining from the scriptures in their original languages and the context of what was being taught in the first century to find out exactly what sin is, it will be crystal clear to the readers and they will be put in a position that they must make a decision on whom they will follow.

Jos 24:15  And if it seem evil unto you to serve Yahweh, choose you this day whom ye will serve; whether the elohim which your fathers served that were on the other side of the flood, or the elohim of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: but as for me and my house, we will serve Yahweh.

What we will do, is start with the clearest verses, and work our way down to the harder verses. The scriptures cannot contradict one another, as YHVH/God is not the author of confusion. Why would I bring this up? Don’t all people who believe in Yeshua/Jesus say that the scriptures do not contradict and that the Word is infallible? In confession of the mouth, most all Christians will agree that the Word of YHVH/God does not contradict itself, but in deeds and behavior, they do not agree with the Word of YHVH/God and in most cases, even each other. It seems that the estimated 38,000 denominations of Christianity have their own brand and their own doctrines. So, how can we all agree on doctrine, and how can we all become of one accord as the Body of the Messiah? Let us begin, what is sin?

1Jn 3:4  Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.

Here, the Apostle gives us a very clear definition of sin. The Apostle clearly states that sin is the transgression of the law. I have heard the argument several times that when I quote this verse, it is taken out of context, and that if I put it into context, I would understand that this is not talking about the Laws of Moses(The Law did not come from Moses but from YHVH/God). They will then say it is clearly speaking about the “Law of Christ”. Is there two separate laws? Does the Father have one standard, and the Son a different one? The answer to this question is undoubtedly NO! The Father and the Son agree with each other, the Word(Son)of YHVH/God cannot contradict the Father. Almost all Christians will agree that the Word of YHVH/God is infallible, so how can the Father and the Son, who are ONE, teach different doctrines? Please see our teaching “The Law of God vs. the Law of Moses”. Now, let us put this verse from John into a full and complete context. We will define everything as the Bible defines them, and not how man defines them. We will make sure we have more than two scriptures to prove that our understanding of the Word does not contradict. This will also ensure that someone’s opinion cannot contradict the Word.

1Jn 3:4  Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. 5  And ye know that he was manifested to take away our sins; and in him is no sin. 6  Whosoever abideth in him sinneth not: whosoever sinneth hath not seen him, neither known him. 7  Little children, let no man deceive you: he that DOTH RIGHTEOUSNESS IS RIGHTEOUS, even as he is righteous. He that committeth sin(transgression of the law) is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of Elohim was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil. 9  Whosoever is born of Elohim doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of Elohim. 10  In this the children of Elohim are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever DOTH NOT RIGHTEOUSNESS is not of Elohim, neither he that loveth not his brother. 11  For this is the message that ye heard FROM THE BEGINNING, that we should love one another. 12  Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and killed his brother. And why did he kill he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother’s righteous. 13  Marvel not, my brethren, if the world hate you. 14  We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren. He that loveth not his brother abideth in death. 15  Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath everlasting life abiding in him. 16  Hereby perceive we love, because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren. 17  But whoso hath this world’s goods, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his tender mercies from him, how dwelleth the love of Elohim in him? 18  My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in DEED AND TRUTH. 19  And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him. 20  For if our heart condemn us, Elohim is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things. 21  Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, then have we confidence toward Elohim. 22  And whatsoever we ask, we receive of him, because we keep his commandments(PLURAL), and do those things(PLURAL) that are pleasing in his sight. 23  And this is his commandment(SINGULAR), That we should believe on the name of his Son Yahshua the Messiah, and love one another, as he gave us commandment. 24  And he that keepeth his commandments(PLURAL) dwelleth in him, and he in him. And hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit which he hath given us.

There are several words and phrases that need to be defined by the Bible to understand these verses in their full context, not only in the chapter, but also in context of the entire Bible, AGAIN, the Word of YHVH/God is infallible and cannot contradict.

1. What is righteousness?

2. How do we “do righteousness?”

3. What is the commandment we were given from the beginning?

4. What does it mean when it says “in this, the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil?”

5. What does it mean when it says “And whatsoever we ask, we receive of him, BECAUSE we keep his commandments(PLURAL)?

What is righteousness? There are two types of righteousness described in the Bible. Righteousness that is imputed on us by the covering of the blood of the Messiah, and righteousness based on works. We will take a look at both of these, because we need to know which righteousness John is talking about. The very first thing I want to do is discuss the righteousness that is imputed on the believer, righteousness not based on works.

Rom 3:23  For all have sinned, and come short of the excellence of Elohim; 24  Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in the Messiah Yahshua: 25  Whom Elohim hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of Elohim; 26  To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Yahshua. 27  Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith. 28  Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law. 29  Is he the Elohim of the Jews only? Is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also: 30  Seeing it is one Elohim, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith. 31  DO WE THEN MAKE VOID THE LAW THROUGH THIS FAITH? MAY THAT NEVER BE SO:YEA,WE UPHOLD THE LAW.Rom 4:1  What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found? 2  For if Abraham were justified by works, he has a reason to boast; but not before Yahweh. 3  For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed Yahweh, and it was counted unto him for righteousness. 4  Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. 5  But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the wicked, his faith is counted for righteousness. 6  Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom Elohim imputeth righteousness without works, 7  Saying, Blessed are they whose transgressions are forgiven, and whose sins are covered. 8  Blessed is the man to whom Yahweh will not impute iniquity. 9  Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness. 10  How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision. 11  And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also: 12  And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised. 13  For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. 14  For if they which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect: 15  Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression. 16  Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all, 17  As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations, before him whom he believed, even Yahweh, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were. 18  Who against hope believed in hope, that he might become the father of many Gentiles, according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed be. 19  And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sarah’s womb: 20  He staggered not at the promise of Elohim through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving honor to Elohim; 21  And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform. 22  And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness. 23  Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him; 24  But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Yahshua our Master from the dead; 25  Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.

In these passages from Paul, we see that there is a righteousness that does not come from the law, but through Faith in the Messiah Yeshua. This righteousness requires no work. You cannot receive this righteousness from doing any work whatsoever, it is based not on deeds, but on a promise. Paul cites the time when Abraham believed God before he was circumcised and it was counted as righteousness. Many theologians will cite these verses to say that we no longer need to keep the law at all. Notice in Romans 3:31 cited above that Paul taught that we are NOT to make the law void through this Faith in the Messiah Yeshua/Jesus. Now, Paul uses Abraham as an example from the time BEFORE he was circumcised, and said that he believed God and it was counted as righteousness. We can see clearly here that Paul believed that Faith is what saves, and that we cannot be saved by works, but we can also see that Paul believed that we should by no means make void the law through this Faith, but we are to uphold the law through this Faith. James uses Abraham in the exact same way to teach the exact same lesson Paul is teaching here. Martin Luther, dubbed the Father of the Protestant Churches, believed the Book of James should be removed from the Bible because he thought that what James taught contradicted what Paul taught, but what we will see is James and Paul agree and are of one accord. Paul explains that we are saved by Faith without works, but also says that we are not to make void the works through this Faith. James says the exact same thing, but he takes it even further and says that Faith without works is dead.

Jas 2:14  What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him? 15  If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, 16  And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what doth it profit? 17  Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone. 18  Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: show me thy faith without thy works, and I will show thee my faith by my works. 19  Thou believest that there is one Yahweh; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble. 20  But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead? 21  Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar? 22  Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect? 23  And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed Yahweh, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of Yahweh. 24  Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only. 25  Likewise also was not Rahab the harlot justified by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent them out another way? 26  For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.

Paul and James agree totally with each other. Now that we know about the imputed righteousness that you can do nothing to receive, but to have Faith in the Messiah Yeshua/Jesus, let us find out what the other type of righteousness that is based on works is. We must know the differences to understand what John is talking about.

Deu 6:25  And it shall be our righteousness, >>>>IF<<<< we observe to do all these commandments before Yahweh our Elohim, as he hath commanded us.

This righteousness is based on DOING something for righteousness. The condition here is IF we observe all the commandments it shall be our righteousness. This is not the imputed righteousness that Paul speaks of, but the DOING of righteousness according to our works. Now we can understand what John meant when he said;

1Jn 3:7  Little children, LET NO MAN DECEIVE YOU: he that DOETH righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous. 8  He that committeth sin(TRANSGRESSION OF THE LAW) is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of Elohim was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil. 9  Whosoever is born of Elohim doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of Elohim. 10  In this the children of Elohim are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of Elohim, neither he that loveth not his brother.

Here John is NOT, again, NOT, speaking about the imputed righteousness that Paul is speaking of. He is speaking of our works, the righteous things we do to please God. These works do not save us, but they are the fruit and proof of our redemption. John says that he who says he knows the Messiah, yet does not follow God’s commandments, is a liar and the Truth is not in him.

1Jn 2:1  My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Yahshua the Messiah the righteous: 2  And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world. 3  And hereby we do know that we know him, IF we keep his commandments.He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. 5  But whoso keepeth his word, in him verily is the love of Elohim perfected: hereby know we that we are in him. 6  He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked.

We see here that John quite boldly states that anyone who claims to know Him(The Messiah), yet does not keep His commandments is a liar, and the Truth is not in them. He then says that we should walk just as Yeshua/Jesus walked. Yeshua followed the law perfectly, never committing sin, never breaking the law. Notice what it says about those who do keep the commandments and have Faith in Yeshua/Jesus, it says that the love of God/Elohim is PERFECTED in them. As James says, by their works, their Faith is perfected.

Jas 2:21  Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar? 22  Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works WAS FAITH MADE PERFECT? 23  And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed Yahweh, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of Yahweh.

Paul also speaks of the proof that one has received the Spirit through Faith is when they do what he calls “the works of the law”.

Rom 2:11  For there is no respect of persons with Elohim. 12  For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law; 13  For not the hearers of the law are just before Elohim, but the doers of the law shall be justified. 14  For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves: 15  Which show the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another; 16  In the day when Elohim shall judge the secrets of men by Yahshua the Messiah according to my good news.

Here, Paul says that the doers of the law will be justified, but then we see in other places, even in the same book, where it seems as he is saying those who do the law will not be justified. The reason this is so misunderstood by the masses is because Paul is speaking of two different types of righteousness as I have pointed out here. The Apostle Peter warns us that things in Paul’s letters sometimes are hard to understand and that those who are unlearned twist his letters and also the other scriptures to their own destruction, and he warns us that since we have been forewarned, we should not follow after the error of the lawless.

2Pe 3:15  and reckon the patience of our Master as deliverance, as also our beloved brother Sha’ul(Paul)wrote to you, according to the wisdom given to him, 16  as also in all his letters, speaking in them concerning these matters, in which some are hard to understand,1 which those who are untaught and unstable twist to their own destruction, as they do also the other Scriptures.. 17  You, then, beloved ones, being forewarned, watch, lest you also fall from your own steadfastness, being led away with the delusion of the lawless, 18  but grow in the favour and knowledge of our Master and Saviour יהושע Messiah. To Him be the esteem both now and to a day that abides. Amĕn.

We have covered in depth and in context the definition of sin that the Apostle John gives, and we have explained the difference in the two types of righteousness. We have seen Paul, James, and John say in different ways that we must have Faith in the Messiah Yeshua/Jesus and keep the commandments of YHVH/God. Just as when Abram was Faithful and showed his Faith before being circumcised, so it is with the new converts who decide to follow the Messiah Yeshua. Even though they do not know how to keep Torah/law maturely yet, they should continue in learning the works and doing them, this leading to making their Faith complete, or as James says and as John says, our Faith is made perfect by our works. Now let us see what Paul’s definition of sin is.

Rom 7:7  What shall we say then? Is the law sin? May that never be so Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.

Here Paul makes it pretty clear that it is the Torah/law that defines sin. We saw in 1 John 3:4 that sin is the transgression of the law. Now I have a question for all the readers here. If sin is transgression of the law, and all the Apostles tell us that we should not sin, why are 38,000 different denominations saying we should not keep it? This is where the idea of “doing righteousness” comes in. We are told several times to “do righteousness”, and to not be a hearer only, but also a doer of the Word.

Jas 1:22  But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves. 23  For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like unto a man beholding his natural face in a glass: 24  For he beholdeth himself, and goeth his way, and straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was. 25  But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed.

Most would argue that James is speaking of “the law of Christ” when he tells us to look into what he calls “the perfect law of liberty”. What does the Word of YHVH/God say the “perfect law of liberty” is? We need to know this because James said those who are “doers of the work” will be blessed in his deeds.

Psa 19:7  The LAW of Yahweh is PERFECT, converting the soul: the testimony of Yahweh is sure, making wise the simple. 8  The statutes of Yahweh are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of Yahweh is pure, enlightening the eyes. 9  The fear of Yahweh is clean, enduring for ever: the judgments of Yahweh are true and righteous altogether. 10  More to be desired are they than gold, yea, than much fine gold: sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb. 11  Moreover by them is thy servant warned: and in keeping of them there is great reward(blessed in his deeds).

We see here that the law/Torah of YHVH is perfect, and that by doing the commandments there is great reward. Most theologians and Pastors will say that the law of YHVH/God is bondage and too hard. We will look into this as well, but first, we must find out which law provides liberty.

Psa 119:44  So shall I keep thy LAW continually for ever and ever. 45  And I will walk at LIBERTY: for I seek thy precepts.

We see now that it is the law/Torah of YHVH that is “the perfect law of liberty” James is speaking of. So, is the law too hard to keep? Is it bondage? Most Christians would answer yes to these questions, but the Word of YHVH says differently.

Deu 30:11  “For this commandment that I command you today is not too hard for you, neither is it far off. 12  It is not in heaven, that you should say, ‘Who will ascend to heaven for us and bring it to us, that we may hear it and do it?’ 13  Neither is it beyond the sea, that you should say, ‘Who will go over the sea for us and bring it to us, that we may hear it and do it?’ 14  But the word is very near you. It is in your mouth and in your heart, so that you can do it. 1Jn 5:2  By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God and obey his commandments. 3  For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments. And his commandments are not burdensome.

So, we see here that the law/Torah is NOT, again, NOT burdensome, nor is it too hard to keep. Ironically enough, Paul quotes Deut. 30 to show us the “law of Faith”, yet the leaders of most Churches will use the scriptures Paul quotes to say we do not have to keep the law, and Paul is quoting directly from it.

Rom 10:5  For Moses writes about the righteousness that is based on the law, that the person who does the commandments shall live by them. 6  But the righteousness based on faith says, “Do not say in your heart, ‘Who will ascend into heaven?'” (that is, to bring Christ down) 7  or “‘Who will descend into the abyss?'” (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead). 8  But what does it say? “The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart” (that is, the word of faith that we proclaim); 9  because, if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.

We see here that the very scriptures that some use to say we no longer need to keep the law are quoted directly from the law. Now, let us move on and see which sins(transgression of the law) bring death, and which ones do not bring death. We know that the wages of sin is death, but we are also told that there is sin that does not lead to death.

Rom 6:23  For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of Elohim is everlasting life through Yahshua the Messiah our Master.

1Jn 5:16  If any man see his brother sin a sin which is not unto death, he shall ask, and he shall give him life for them that sin not unto death. There is a sin unto death: I do not say that he shall pray for it. 17  All unrighteousness is sin: and there is a sin not unto death.

How can we know which sins lead to death, and which ones do not? In order to understand these things, we must also understand that there are three types of sin, some leading to death, that are unforgivable, and there are some which do not lead to death and can be forgiven. Let us look at these three types of sin.

Pesha (deliberate sin; in modern Hebrew: crime) or Mered (lit.: rebellion) – An intentional sin; an action committed in deliberate defiance of God; (Strong’s Concordance :H6588 (פשע pesha’, peh’shah). According to Strong it comes from the root (:H6586); rebellion, transgression, trespass.

Avon (lit.: iniquity) – This is a sin of lust or uncontrollable emotion. It is a sin done knowingly, but not done to defy God; (Strong’s Concordance :H5771 (avon, aw-vone). According to Strong it comes from the root (:H5753); meaning perversity, moral evil:–fault, iniquity, mischief.

Cheit – This is an unintentional sin, crime or fault. (Strong’s Concordance :H2399 (חַטָּא chate). According to Strong it comes from the root khaw-taw (:H2398, H2403) meaning “to miss, to err from the mark (speaking of an archer), to sin, to stumble.”

We see through these three types of sin that some are unintentional, some are done knowingly, but not to intentionally defy YHVH/God. This type of sin is often in the Bible called the “sin of the flesh”, meaning, your fleshly desires were too strong and you were too weak against them and you commit a transgression, knowingly, but you were just too weak to resist it. There is also a sin that is done in direct defiance of YHVH/God. A high handed shout of “I will not obey you!”. This type of sin is unforgivable, and is not covered by the blood of the Messiah. The other sins, those done intentionally, and those done out of weakness of the flesh are covered by the blood of the Messiah, but direct defiance is not.

Heb 10:26  For if we sin willfully(direct rebellion against YHVH/God) after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, 27  But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries. 28  He that despised Moses’ law dies without mercy under two or three witnesses: 29  Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of Elohim, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace? 30  For we know him that hath said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I will recompense. And again, Yahweh shall judge his people. 31  It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living Elohim.

In the context of these verses from the Book of Hebrews, we know that the Author is referencing the law/Torah. He is speaking of the yearly Yom Kippur offering that covers the sins of Israel. We know this because early in the chapter, the author tells us this is so.

Heb 10:1  For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect. 2  For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins. 3  But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year. 4  For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.

The Author is referencing the Torah no doubt about it, so let us look and see what he is trying to convey when he says that there is no sacrifice to cover wilfull/defiant sin.

Num 15:22  And if ye have erred, and not observed all these commandments, which Yahweh hath spoken unto Moses, 23  Even all that Yahweh hath commanded you by the hand of Moses, from the day that Yahweh commanded Moses, and henceforward among your generations; 24  Then it shall be, if ought be committed by ignorance without the knowledge of the congregation, that all the congregation shall offer one young bullock for a burnt offering, for a sweet savour unto Yahweh, with his meal offering, and his drink offering, according to the manner, and one kid of the goats for a sin offering. 25  And the priest shall make an atonement for all the congregation of the children of Israel, and it shall be forgiven them; for it is ignorance: and they shall bring their offering, a sacrifice made by fire unto Yahweh, and their sin offering before Yahweh, for their ignorance: 26  And it shall be forgiven all the congregation of the children of Israel, and the stranger that sojourneth among them; seeing all the people were in ignorance. 27  And if any soul sin through ignorance, then he shall bring a she goat of the first year for a sin offering. 28  And the priest shall make an atonement for the soul that sinneth ignorantly, when he sinneth by ignorance before Yahweh, to make an atonement for him; and it shall be forgiven him. 29  Ye shall have one law for him that sinneth through ignorance, both for him that is born among the children of Israel, and for the stranger that sojourneth among them. 30  BUT the soul that doeth ought presumptuously, whether he be born in the land, or a stranger, the same reproacheth Yahweh; and that soul shall be cut off from among his people. 31  Because he hath despised the word of Yahweh, and hath broken his commandment, that soul shall utterly be cut off; his iniquity shall be upon him.

 We see here that the author of Hebrews was no doubt referencing Num. 15. He said it was a yearly offering, made with the blood of bulls and goats as a sin offering, and that one who wilfully/defiantly sins will not be forgiven, because there is no sacrifice that covers this defiant type of sin. Notice in Hebrews 10:26 that this sin is done after one has received the knowledge of the Truth, and continued in sin wilfully. The Messiah does not cover this type of sin. An example of this sin is like the fact that the Pastors know that the Sabbath is the 7th day, but they defiantly profane it in spite of the commandment. Ironically, there is an example in Numbers 15 that shows us what the sin of Pesha is, and ironically enough, it is about breaking the Sabbaths.

Num 15:30  But the soul that doeth ought presumptuously, whether he be born in the land, or a stranger, the same reproacheth Yahweh; and that soul shall be cut off from among his people. 31  Because he hath despised the word of Yahweh, and hath broken his commandment, that soul shall utterly be cut off; his iniquity shall be upon him. 32  And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath day. 33  And they that found him gathering sticks brought him unto Moses and Aaron, and unto all the congregation. 34  And they put him in ward, because it was not declared what should be done to him. 35  And Yahweh said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones without the camp. 36  And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as Yahweh commanded Moses.

We see here that this man, after receiving the Sabbath commandments several times, broke the Sabbath anyway, and he was put to death because of it. This is the type of sin that leads to death, but the unintentional sin, and the sin of the weakness of the flesh are washed clean by the Messiah’s blood. Most people would say that the Sabbath is one of the “least of the commandments”, even though YHVH/God says differently.

Exo 31:12  And the LORD said to Moses, 13  “You are to speak to the people of Israel and say, ‘ABOVE ALL you shall keep my Sabbaths, for this is a sign between me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I, the LORD, sanctify you. 14 You shall keep the Sabbath, because it is holy for you. Everyone who profanes it shall be put to death. Whoever does any work on it, that soul shall be cut off from among his people. 15 Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, holy to the LORD. Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day shall be put to death. 16 Therefore the people of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, observing the Sabbath throughout their generations, as a covenant FOREVER. 17 It is a sign FOREVER between me and the people of Israel that in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested and was refreshed.'” 18 And he gave to Moses, when he had finished speaking with him on Mount Sinai, the two tablets of the testimony, tablets of stone, written with the finger of God.

YHVH/God says that ABOVE ALL, we shall keep HIS Sabbaths. This is the most debated topic within the Body of Yeshua/Jesus, ironically, second to the Messiah, the Sabbath is the most covered subject spoken about in the Bible. I would say that it is EXTREMELY IMPORTANT to God, but man will continue to think in the flesh and not the Spirit, and defy the Commandment no matter how many scriptures we show them. The defiant intentional sin is not covered by the Messiah’s blood, and only judgment will follow the intentional and defiant sins. The sins of ignorance that the Messiah’s blood covers do not lead to death, but to forgiveness upon repentance. In conclusion, we will remind what we have learned by the Word of YHVH/God. There are three types of sin, some lead to death and are not covered by the Messiah’s blood, and there are sins that are covered by the Messiah’s blood that do not lead to death. We have learned that sin is the transgression of the law/Torah of YHVH. We have seen that we are commanded in the New Testament several times to obey the commandments, and that those who claim to know him, but do not keep the commandments are liars, and we should not listen to them. We have learned that Paul’s letters are hard to understand and that those who twist his letters and the other scriptures are those that are lawless. We have learned the definitions of the two types of righteousness, and that we are commanded to do righteousness. We have learned that by looking at who does righteousness and who does not, the children of YHVH are manifest, and the children of the devil are manifested. Those who do righteousness, which we found to mean keeping the commandments receive blessings, while the defiant and disobedient receive curses and even death.

Ecc 12:13  Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear Elohim, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man(Not just the Jews). 14  For Elohim shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.

3 thoughts on “What is Sin?

  1. OK I am still doomed. 😦
    I sin. Therefore, I have not known Him or seen Him. 1John3:6
    I sin. Therefore, I am of the devil. 1John 3:8
    I sin. Therefore, I am not born of God. 1John3:9

    • Sin is describing a state of being or identity. If you do not identify yourself as a sinner bur rather, as the righteousness of God in Messiah Yeshua, you are good. Don’t misunderstand, we sin, but we are not sinners if we are in Messiah.

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